Njoro River Rehabilitation
Kenya aims to be a nation that has a clean, secure and sustainable environment by 2030. This will be realized through increased forest cover and reduction in all environment-related diseases. Through promotion of environmental conservation Kenya can achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by addressing environmental degradation and pollution. Rehabilitation of the Njoro River is in line with the main objective of the Kenyan Government of achieving a clean and secure environment by year 2030. Medium term goals identified by the government are: (i) to increase forest cover from less than 3% at present to 4%; and (ii) to lessen by half all environment-related diseases. Specific strategies for promoting environmental conservation and improving on pollution and solid waste management include five environmental flagship projects identified by the government for the year 2012. These are: 1) The Water Catchment Management Initiative 2) Securing the Wildlife Corridors and Migratory Routes Initiative 3) The Solid Waste Management System Initiative 4) The Plastic Bags Initiative 5) The Land Cover and Land Use Mapping Initiative. Under the Water Catchment Initiative, the government aims at rehabilitating the 5 water towers (i.e. Mau Escarpment, Mt. Kenya, Aberdares Range, Cherangani Hills and Mt. Elgon). Egerton University was mandated to rehabilitate the Mau escarpment and specifically Njoro River that supplies fresh water to Lake Nakuru the home of flamingoes.
. Frequently asked questions about Njoro River
1. Where is Njoro River?
2. Why is the Njoro River important to our environment?
3. Why is the Njoro River important to our economy?
4. Is the Njoro River important for achieving Vision 2030?
5. What are the main causes of degradation in the Njoro River?
6. What are the likely impacts if the threats are not addressed? 7. What are the strategies of rehabilitating Njoro River?
8. What is the total cost and sources of funds for rehabilitating Njoro River?
9. What are the milestones achieved in rehabilitation so far?
Origin of the Njoro River
The souirce of the river is in Olokurto Division, Entiyani Location in Entiyani Sublocation Narok North District. Makalia River also originates in the same location of Entiyani in Olenosirnor sublocation. The Community in this area is largely Maasai who keep cattle and goats. Arable farming is practiced in this region wheat being the dominant crop. The name of the source of Njoro River here according to the community is Shura River it is at an altitude of 2887m.a.s.l and location being S00°34.588´; E035° 54.684´
Plate 1: Furthest source of Njoro River at Entiyani (Maasai land) at 2887m.a.s.l. The arrow indicates the position of the river.
The catchment area estimated is 280 km² (Fig. 1) straddling between latitude 0°15´S, 0°25´S and longitude 35°50´E, 36°5´E. The river drains approximately 55km through a number of farms and settlements before discharging into Lake Nakuru at an altitude of about 1755 m.a.s.l. The main channel is dominated by rocky bottom formations, including a high frequency of cataracts around Logoman area.